Is there a commonly used way to ask sensitive questions that isn't "push polling"? Some sort of proxy data, or side-channel like international money transfers? Or is there a mandate that questions be more direct for the census in particular?

For the 2020 census citizenship question, reading the press it certainly seemed like kneecapping the response was the point. So other serving as an object of what not to do, it doesn't really bear on someone making a good-faith effort to collect data. Is there an example of a good data collection on a politically sensitive topic that you can point to contrast?

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